Solidity byte

The resulting bytecode is: 6060604052 In fact, we always see this magic number 6060604052 in the beginning of any solidity bytecode because its how the smart contract bootstrap. To further.. Bytes is a dynamic array of bytes. It's shorthand for byte[] and you'll see examples of a bytes being treated as an array in code from time to time. myByte[x]. It can have a length of zero and you can do things like append a byte to the end. Bytes32 is exactly 32 bytes long. It takes exactly one 32-byte word to represent a bytes32 because there's no need to set any space aside to encode the length. The length is always 32. A bytes with 32 bytes of data needs additional encoding to. A bytes is similar to byte[], but it is packed tightly in calldata and memory. string is equal to bytes but does not allow length or index access. Solidity does not have string manipulation functions, but there are third-party string libraries

Integers in Solidity are restricted to a certain range. For example, with uint32, this is 0 up to 2**32 - 1. If the result of some operation on those numbers does not fit inside this range, it is truncated. These truncations can have serious consequences that you should be aware of and mitigate against // Checks if two 'bytes memory' variables points to the same bytes array. // Technically this is done by de-referencing the two arrays in inline assembly, // and checking if the values are the same. function equalsRef (bytes memory self, bytes memory other) internal pure returns (bool equal) {assembly {equal: = eq (self, other)}} // Copies a byte array Solidity is evolving rapidly. As a relatively young language, Solidity is advancing at a rapid speed. We aim for a regular (non-breaking) release every 2-3 weeks, with approximately two breaking releases per year. You can follow the implementation status of new features in the Solidity Github project

Memory byte array that contains the creation bytecode of the contract. This can be used in inline assembly to build custom creation routines, especially by using the create2 opcode. This property can not be accessed in the contract itself or any derived contract Solidity documentation says: As a rule of thumb, use bytes for arbitrary-length raw byte data and string for arbitrary-length string (UTF-8) data. If you can limit the length to a certain number of.. Solidity Bytes Arrays Utils. Bytes tightly packed arrays utility library for ethereum contracts written in Solidity. The library lets you concatenate, slice and type cast bytes arrays both in memory and storage. Given this library has an all-internal collection of methods it doesn't make sense having it reside in the mainnet. Instead it will only be available in EPM as an installable package How do I convert struct System.Byte byte[] to a System.IO.Stream object in C#? Hot Network Questions How did astronauts tie the laces on their gloves

// to 32 bytes: add 31 bytes to the end of tempBytes to move to the // next 32 byte block, then round down to the nearest multiple of // 32. If the sum of the length of the two arrays is zero then add // one before rounding down to leave a blank 32 bytes (the length block with 0). mstore (0x40, an Solidity is a statically typed language, which means that the type of each variable (state and local) needs to be specified A bytes is similar to byte[], but it is packed tightly in calldata. string is equal to bytes but does not allow length or index access (for now). So bytes should always be preferred over byte[] because it is cheaper. Note. If you want to access the byte-representation. Solidity provides inbuilt cryptographic functions as well. Following are important methods −. keccak256 (bytes memory) returns (bytes32) − computes the Keccak-256 hash of the input. sha256 (bytes memory) returns (bytes32) − computes the SHA-256 hash of the input. ripemd160 (bytes memory) returns (bytes20) − compute RIPEMD-160 hash of. Solidity has built-in support for this, and will automatically use the correct byte order depending on the type. The web3.js javascript API has built in support for this as well, and padding is normally done automatically when javascript values are being encoded and decoded. Using strings and hex-literals with fixed size bytes

固定长度的 bytes 转化为 string 如果是固定大小字节数组转 string ,那么就需要先将字节数组转动态字节数组,再转字符串。. pragma solidity ^0.4.4;contract C {function byte32To String ( bytes 32 b) constant returns ( string) { bytes memory names = new bytes (b.length)... Solidity中 uint转 string In Ethereum and Solidity, an address if of 20 byte value size (160 bits or 40 hex characters). It corresponds to the last 20 bytes of the Keccak-256 hash of the public key. An address is always.. More preferred way is to use byte types instead of String as string operation requires more gas as compared to byte operation. Solidity provides inbuilt conversion between bytes to string and vice versa. In Solidity we can assign String literal to a byte32 type variable easily. Solidity considers it as a byte32 literal In Solidity, an array can be of compile-time fixed size or of dynamic size. For storage array, it can have different types of elements as well. In case of memory array, element type can not be mapping and in case it is to be used as function parameter then element type should be an ABI type. All arrays consist of contiguous memory locations

Solidity Types: Main Tips. Solidity value types include booleans, integers, fixed point numbers, addresses, contract types, fixed-size byte arrays, rational and integer literals, and enums.; Reference types such as arrays and structs can be stored in these options: memory, storage, and calldata.; Mapping in Solidity is seen as hash tables (initialized virtually) with the goal to contain each. How To Learn Solidity. Solidity itself is a pretty simple language, as far as programming languages go. In fact, it is a purposefully slimmed down, loosely-typed language with a syntax very similar to ECMAScript (Javascript).There are some key points to remember from the Ethereum Design Rationale document, namely that we are working within a stack-and-memory model with a 32-byte instruction. Slides are here: https://slack-files.com/T9C7VSRBN-F0154NTUM3L-3eefe73defPeter Robinson and David Hyland-Wood described how Solidity code is compiled, deploy.. Solidity - Special Variables. Last Updated : 18 Sep, 2020. There exist special variables and functions in solidity which exist in the global namespace and are mainly used to provide information about the blockchain or utility functions. They are of two types

The most basic loop in Solidity is the while loop which would be discussed in this chapter. The purpose of a while loop is to execute a statement or code block repeatedly as long as an expression is true. Once the expression becomes false, the loop terminates.. Flow Chart. The flow chart of while loop looks as follows −. Syntax. The syntax of while loop in Solidity is as follows Since string and bytes can be longer than 32 bytes, if they are indexed, Solidity would store KECCAK256 digest instead of the actual data. Solidity lets you have at most 3 indexed arguments, but EVM lets you have at most 4 topics. It turns out that Solidity consumes one topic for the event's signature. The log0 Primitiv Welcome to All About Solidity, an article series that aim to help smart contracts developers, building applications on top of the Ethereum blockchain.. It consists of a series of articles that cover several aspects of the Solidity smart contract language, such as addresses, mappings, bytes, structs and more. This page is the main entry point to the article series Les variables de type bytes et string sont des tableaux spéciaux. Un byte est semblable à un byte[], mais il est condensé en calldata et en mémoire. string est égal à bytes, mais ne permet pas l'accès à la longueur ou à l'index. Solidity does not have string manipulation functions, but there are third-party string libraries

or compare byte by byte which is more performant. Utility libraries such as solidity-stringutils and solidity-bytes-utils provide helper functions for string comparison and have good examples. Can't compare address to 0 to check if it's empty; need to compare to address(0) We note that Solidity's optimisation option does not cope well with byte[] and bytes, making its use very difficult on contracts with mixed data types. When sorting less than 10 numbers, use. This is simple and unavoidable: Solidity does not currently allow index access to strings. From the FAQ: string is basically identical to bytes only that it is assumed to hold the UTF-8 encoding of a real string. Since string stores the data in UTF-8 encoding it is quite expensive to compute the number of characters in the string (the encoding of some characters takes more than a single byte.

Solidity also provides the byte data type to store information in binary format. Generally, programming languages have a single data type for representing bytes. However, Solidity has multiple flavors of the byte type. It provides data types in the range from bytes1 to bytes32 inclusive, to represent varying byte lengths, as required. These are called fixed sized byte arrays and are. for 44 byte as uint256 to call method, and in that method change it to bytes, then convert bytes to uint256. but so much method on internet is for bytes32 solidity remix Shar

solidity-bytes-utils - Utility Solidity library composed of basic operations for tightly packed bytes arrays The 'address' element in the solidity tutorial refers to the 20-byte value, which represents the size of the Ethereum address. An address could basically help in getting the balance by using the method of '.balance.' The method could help in transferring the balance to other addresses through the '.transfer' method Remark: Prior to Solidity 0.5.8 (or Solidity 0.4.26, in the 0.4.x line) there was a bug causing the default value for internal functions to be incorrectly encoded when it was set in a constructor. It would have 0 for the upper 4 bytes, and would have as the lower 4 bytes what the upper 4 bytes should have been In Solidity call is a low level function to interact with other contracts. Solidity by Example. version 0.7.6 . Call. call is a low level { event Response (bool success, bytes data); // Let's imagine that contract B does not have the source code for // contract A, but we do know the address of A and the function to call. function testCallFoo (address payable _addr) public payable { // You.

Solidity Bytecode and Opcode Basics by Bernard Peh Mediu

  1. Les variables de type bytes et string sont des tableaux spéciaux. Un byte est semblable à un byte[], mais il est condensé en calldata et en mémoire. string est égal à bytes, mais ne permet pas l'accès à la longueur ou à l'index. Solidity does not have string manipulation functions, but there are third-party string libraries
  2. Utilities. Miscellaneous contracts and libraries containing utility functions you can use to improve security, work with new data types, or safely use low-level primitives. Pausable: provides a simple way to halt activity in your contracts (often in response to an external threat). ReentrancyGuard: protects you from reentrant calls
  3. Solidity ermöglicht sowohl implizite als auch explizite Konvertierung. Der Solidity-Compiler ermöglicht die implizite Konvertierung zwischen zwei Datentypen, sofern keine implizite Konvertierung möglich ist und keine Informationen verloren gehen. Zum Beispiel ist uint8 in uint16 konvertierbar, aber int8 ist in uint256 konvertierbar, da int8 einen negativen Wert enthalten kann, der in.

solidity - What is the difference between bytes and

Solidity Bytes Arrays Utils. Bytes tightly packed arrays' utility library for ethereum contracts written in Solidity. The library lets you concatenate, slice and type cast bytes arrays both in memory and storage. Given this library has an all-internal collection of methods it doesn't make sense to have it reside in the mainnet. Instead it will only be available on EPM as an installable package. I'm learning Solidity Assembly and I'm confused about something. I'm looking at this library called Seriality. Specifically, bytes memory _output) internal pure { assembly { mstore(add(_output, _offst), _input) mstore(add(add(_output, _offst),32), add(_input,32)) } } That function bytes32ToBytes takes a bytes32 variable and stores it in a dynamically sized bytes array, starting at the. Online Solidity Decompiler There are many contracts deployed on the Ethereum network with no source or ABI publicly available. This makes verifying their security and understanding their behaviour a difficult task without the right tools, such as a decompiler. This tool decompiles Ethereum contract bytecode into more readable Solidity-like code, allowing for better understanding of such.

This may be simple in other languages but I can't figure out how to do it in Solidity. I have a bytes32 like this. The entire program is compiled and stored in the form of bytes or binary representation in the Ethereum blockchain as a form of address. For Ethereum and the EVM, a contract is just a single program that is run on this sequence of bytes. Only the higher-level language like Solidity, Viper, or Bamboo defines how you get from the entry point of the program to the entry point of a particular. Inspired by the Provable code here, this function computes the string representation of a uint256 number returned as bytes array. Strings in Solidity are UTF-8 encoded. The value 48 implies the character '0'. So to convert a number to the correct string, we essentially compute and store 48 + remainder of modulo 10 for each digit

Types — Solidity 0

Solidity provides the following cryptographic functions: Function. Properties; keccak256(bytes memory) returns (bytes32) Computes the Keccak-256 hash of the input; sha256(bytes memory) returns (bytes32) Computes the SHA-256 hash of the input; ripemd160(bytes memory) returns (bytes20) Compute RIPEMD-160 hash of the input ; sha256(bytes memory) returns (bytes32) Computes the SHA-256 hash of the. Solidity is a statically typed language, which implies that the type of each of the variables should be specified. Data types allow the compiler to check the correct usage of the variables. The declared types have some default values called Zero-State, for example for bool the default value is False.Likewise other statically typed languages Solidity has Value types and Reference types which. 2. Convert byte[] to bytesX. The solidity official site state as follow. You should use bytesX over byte[], because it is cheaper, since byte[] adds 31 padding bytes between the elements. Always. Solidity enables you to create functions that return arrays (both fixed and dynamic size). Since we make the distinction between three types of arrays ( one-dimensional, two-dimensional and multi-dimensional ), we will present how Solidity can return these three different types of arrays via functions. If an array is returned by a function, the. The Solidity data types can be classified according to the data location. If a variable stores its own data; it is a value type. If it holds a location of the data; it is a reference type. We have gone through value types in previous articles. So, in this article, we will learn about reference types

Solidity is a special language with many little quirks. A lot of things behave differently in Solidity than most other languages as Solidity is created to work on the EVM with its limited feature set. I wrote a blog post with ten tips to save gas in Solidity a few months back and it got a great response. Since then, I have gathered more tips. Solidity 0.4.24 added a bunch of ABI encoding functions. Copied from Solidity docs, they are Copied from Solidity docs, they are abi.encode(...) returns (bytes) : ABI-encodes the given argument Solidity lets you program on Ethereum, a blockchain-based virtual machine that allows the creation and execution of smart contracts, // Bytes available from 1 to 32 byte a; // byte is same as bytes1 bytes2 b; bytes32 c; // Dynamically sized bytes bytes m; // A special array, same as byte[] array (but packed tightly) // More expensive than byte1-byte32, so use those when possible // same as. Solidity Bug Info. Copying an empty byte array (or string) from memory or calldata to storage can result in data corruption if the target array's length is increased subsequently without storing new data. The routine that copies byte arrays from memory or calldata to storage stores unrelated data from after the source array in the storage slot.

solidity-bytes-utils v0.8.0. Solidity bytes tightly packed arrays utility library. NPM. README. GitHub. Voting The following contract is quite complex, but showcases a lot of Solidity's features. It implements a voting contract. Of course, the main probl Nevertheless, Solidity is mighty in the proverbial details that hide unforeseen difficulties. That is the case of the type string and the related type bytes. Both of these are dynamic array types, which means that they can store data of an arbitrary size. Each element of a variable of type bytes is, unsurprisingly, This is a limitation of Solidity, and the reason is that string is basically an arbitrary-length byte array (i.e. byte[]), and so string[] is a two-dimensional byte array (i.e. byte[][]).According to Solidity references, two-dimensional arrays as parameters are not yet supported.. Can a contract function accept a two-dimensional array? This is not yet implemented for external calls and dynamic.


  1. Defined in Data.Solidity.Prim.Bytes. Methods. abiPut:: Putter (BytesN n) Source # n <= 32 => AbiType (BytesN n) Source # Instance details. Defined in Data.Solidity.Prim.Bytes. Methods. isDynamic:: Proxy (BytesN n) -> Bool Source # The fixed length BytesN type. type BytesN n = SizedByteArray n Bytes Source # Sized byte array with fixed length in bytes . Orphan instances. IsString Bytes Source.
  2. TRON smart contract support Solidity language in (Ethereum). Currently recommend Solidity language version is 0.4.24 ~ 0.4.25. Write a smart contract, then build the smart contract and deploy it to TRON network. When the smart contract is triggered, the corresponding function will be executed automatically. Smart Contract Features¶ TRON virtual machine is based on Ethereum solidity language.
  3. Unlike in the C language, string literals in Solidity do imply trailing value zeroes. For instance, bar will represent a three byte element instead of four. Similarly, in the case of integer.
  4. Hover over Ethereum Account addresses to download the byte-code, source-code or open it in the browser; Hover over ASM instructions to show their signatures; Hover over keywords to show basic Security Notes ; Hover over StateVar's to show declaration information; Views. Cockpit View Explor and focus on solidity files in your workspace; Generate report/graphs for any files/folders selected in.
  5. Solidity does not support any functionality like this at the time of writing. Therefore, we provide a reliable and gas efficient pattern to check if two strings are equal or not. Several solutions to this problem have been implemented over the last years. One of the first was part of the StringUtils library provided by the Ethereum Foundation, which did a pairwise comparison of each character.
  6. Solidity has far worse problems than not being an advanced research language. Just being a sanely designed normal language would be a big step up. Solidity is so riddled with bizarre design errors it makes PHP 4 look like a work of genius. A small sampling of the issues: Everything is 256 bits wide, including the byte type. This means that.
  7. Multi-Sig Wallet. Let's create an multi-sig wallet. Here are the specifications. The wallet owners can. submit a transaction. approve and revoke approval of pending transcations. anyone can execute a transcation after enough owners has approved it. // SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT pragma solidity ^0.7.6; contract MultiSigWallet { event Deposit.

Solidity Programming Language The Solidity language

[Solidity中string跟bytes32的轉換] -- by Brian Po-han Chen 譬如說: 0xdc53e55bf330421c07022e6bbc4707abe3748ec1d89c4b95d80ee8247c087ff9 轉換成.. Introduction to Technology | Solidity Programming Language: Byte Array, Mapping. Byte array. A byte array can be thought of as a special array whose element type is a byte. It has its own proprietary name when it comes to type. As an array he has an array of unfixed length bytes and a fixed length byte. 1. A fixed length byte array If used on memory byte arrays, result of the function ``abi.decode`` can depend on the contents of memory outside of the actual byte array that is decoded. The ABI specification uses pointers to data areas for everything that is dynamically-sized. When decoding data from memory (instead of calldata), the ABI decoder did not properly validate.

Units and Globally Available Variables — Solidity 0

The EVM stores variable in 32-bytes slot. However Solidity is smart enough to pack into a single slot several variables if they can fit together. For this optimization to work, packed variables have to be defined next to each other. In the above example, the 2 uint128 will be placed in the same 256 bit slots (128 + 128 = 256). 71. How to. YAKINDU Solidity - Request free download. The free to use, open source YAKINDU-Solidity-IDE provides an integrated development environment for ethereum / solidity based smart contracts. It features all goodies you can expect from a professional IDE including: code completion. quick fixes Solidity Empty Byte Array Copy Bug. On October 14, 2020, a bug in the Solidity code generator was reported by John Toman of the Certora development team. Certora's bug disclosure post can be found here. The bug is fixed with Solidity version 0.7.4 released on October 19, 2020. The bug is present in all prior versions of Solidity function toBytes (uint256 x) returns (bytes b) {b = new bytes (32); assembly {mstore (add (b, 32), x)}} Dies ist wesentlich gaseffizienter, hängt jedoch vom internen Speicherlayout ab, das vom Solidity-Compiler verwendet wird. Theoretisch kann sich dies in Zukunft ändern, in der Praxis sollte es jedoch ziemlich stabil sein Fixed-sized byte arrays — bytes1 (byte), bytes2 bytes32. The value types bytes1, bytes2, , bytes32 includes a sequence of bytes from 1 to 32. The keyword byte is alias for byte1.Beside, fixed-sized value type has got member function named length which yields the fixed length of the byte array (read only). And also bytes with a fixed-size variable can be passed between contracts

bytes and strings in Solidity

GitHub - GNSPS/solidity-bytes-utils: Utility Solidity

环境说明: Ide:在线remix Solidity IDE语言:solidity solidity版本号:0.4.20Tip:如果一点都不懂的建议从头开始看运行结果截图我不赘述,所有合约代码均通过个人检测。请按照标准进行操作,如出问题检测是否网络连得上外网,且操作按照第一节内容类似操作;由于版本更新,可能会出现不同,但该教材. Select View / Filter Type | Solidity Compiler. Latest 500 Contracts Verified. Open Source License. Solidity Compiler Vyper Compiler Contract Security Audit. Find. Showing the last 500 verified contracts source code (Solidity Compiler) First. Previous. Page 1 of 20 Bytes Utils by Gonçalo Sá (Consensys) Gas cost reduction. One of the main advantage of using assembly language in Solidity comes to saving gas. Let's compare the gas cost between Solidity and Assembly by creating a function that do 1) a simple addition of two numbers (x + y) and 2) return the result In this article I give a couple of useful code snippets to do some simple string manipulations in Solidity. Warning: Keep in mind that manipulating strings in Solidity is costly in gas. If you can avoid it and use other types like bytes and bytes32, that's better. Get length of a string in Solidity In Solidity, address type comes with two flavors, address and address payable. Both address and address payable stores the 20-byte values, but address payable has additional members, transfer and send

Solidity Bug Info. If used on memory byte arrays, result of the function ``abi.decode`` can depend on the contents of memory outside of the actual byte array that is decoded. The ABI specification uses pointers to data areas for everything that is dynamically-sized. When decoding data from memory (instead of calldata), the ABI decoder did not. With Solidity, one can directly verify the changes made by a method in storage by retrieving those variables from a contract. But testing for a successful method execution takes some strategy. Well that is not entirely true, when a test is successful - it is usually obvious why it passed. However, when a test fails, it is essential to understand why it failed. To help in such cases, Solidity. Gas price is currently around 50 gwei which means 1 GB costs 4.7 eth. However, most of those bytes are zeros, and wouldn't take up space in the miners because they are hidden behind hashes. So if you were to set every 32 bytes to a non-zero value, that would cost 20000 gas per 32 bytes, or 31k eth / GB. level 2

solidity - How to represent a 20 byte number in C#


Welcome to the Solang Solidity Compiler, the portable Solidity compiler. Using Solang, you can compile smart contracts written in Solidity for Parity Substrate, Solana, Sawtooth Sabre, and Ethereum ewasm.It uses the llvm compiler framework to produce WebAssembly (wasm) or BPF contract code. As result, the output is highly optimized, which saves you in gas costs Solidity offers many high-level language abstractions, but these features make it hard to understand what's really going on when my program is running. Reading the Solidity documentation still left me confused over very basic things. What are the differences between string, bytes32, byte[], bytes? Which one do I use, when dynamically-sized byte arrays; Rational and integer literals; String literals; Hexadecimal literals; Enums; For more explanation, take a look at the docs: See Vyper types; See Solidity types ; Memory. Values that are only stored for the lifetime of a contract function's execution are called memory variables. Since these are not stored permanently on the blockchain, they are much cheaper to use. Solidity Security: Comprehensive list of known attack vectors and common anti-patterns. Although in its infancy, Solidity has had widespread adoption and is used to compile the byte-code in many Ethereum smart contracts we see today. There have been a number of harsh lessons learnt by developers and users alike in discovering the nuances of the.

Solidity - Cryptographic Functions - Tutorialspoin

Submit Solidity Source File; API Docs; Welcome to the Ethereum Signature Database. Function calls in the Ethereum Virtual Machine are specified by the first four bytes of data sent with a transaction. These 4-byte signatures are defined as the first four bytes of the Keccak hash (SHA3) of the canonical representation of the function signature. The database also contains mappings for event. Web3.js: Fehler erhalten: Ungültige Byte-Zeichenfolge angegeben: 0x [[email protected]] in der einfachen Solidity-Ansichtsfunktion. Erstellt am 19. März 2019 · 9 Kommentare · Quelle: ChainSafe/web3.js * Ich habe mir die anderen Probleme im Zusammenhang mit diesem Fehler angesehen, aber dies wird durch etwas anderes verursacht . Beschreibung. Mit [email protected] ich folgende.

Solidity Tutorial | Ethereum Solidity | Solidity


Remember: Solidity uses tuple types only for forming syntactic groupings and expressions. Struct and Array Assignment. The assignment is complicated for Solidity arrays and structs.The process of assigning to a state variable generates an independent copy. When assigning to a local variable, it creates independent copies only for elementary types */ function toEthSignedMessageHash(bytes32 hash) internal pure returns (bytes32) { // 32 is the length in bytes of hash, // enforced by the type signature above return keccak256(abi.encodePacked(\x19Ethereum Signed Message:\n32, hash)); } } /** * @dev Standard math utilities missing in the Solidity language. */ library Math { /** * @dev Returns the largest of two numbers. */ function max. Top 10 Solidity Issues. Solidity is a great programming language, and many experts are fascinated with the structure and usage facilities it offers. However, you need to address some certain solidity vulnerabilities before you move to use it for a smart contract Solidity Optimizer and ABIEncoderV2 Bug Announcement Through the Ethereum bug bounty program, we received a report about a flaw within the new experimental ABI encoder (referred to as ABIEncoderV2). Upon investigation, it was found that the component suffers from a few different variations of the same type. The first part..

Solidity Tutorial : all about Addresses by Jean Cvllr

Homepage of solidity : https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/develop/Remix : http://remix.ethereum.orgSource code : https://github.com/willitscale/learning-soli.. Solidity Types Value Types. bool; int / uint. int8 to int256 in steps of 8; uint8 to uint256 in steps of 8; fixed / ufixed. fixedMxN / ufixedMxN: M must be divisible by 8 and goes from 8 to 256 bits.N must be between 0 and 80.; address; bytes1, bytes2, bytes3 bytes32; aliases: int is alias for int256; uint is alias for uint256; fixed is alias for fixed128x18; ufixed is alias for ufixed128x1 Solidity 中很多Hash函数, 如:keccak256 等需要bytes作为一个参数,这个时候有时需要把uint转化为bytes 。. uint 如何转为 bytes 类型. Solidity 中 uint 转 bytes 的几种方法,gas 消耗从少到多: toBytes0(): 用inline assembly 实现, Gas 消耗最少,最高效的方法

Solidity and Smart Contracts - DEV Community

Solidity - Strings - Tutorialspoin

solidity智能合约 - Go语言中文网 - Golang中文社区solidity - Use string type or bytes32? - Ethereum StackSolidity 102 #1: Keeping Gas Cost under Control | byethereum classic - storage warning in solidity! - Ethereum
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